By: TomM (offline)  Wednesday, March 30 2016 @ 12:43 AM GMT  

These games were developed by coaches who are a lot smarter than me. Juhani Wahlsten (Finland, i.e.Koivu's, Virta, +) and Vladimir Jursinov (Russia 65 of his former players have been in the NHL) are both in the IIHF Hall of Fame as national team players and coaches.

These are the sort of games they promote to teach young players how to 'play the game' and older players review 'how to play the game.'

Games are the most effective way to help the player learn 'how to play the game.' Research into many sports is showing how 'unopposed skills' may be good for introducing a player to the technique but after they have some understanding they turn into 'de-training'. This is because players seldom perform skills unopposed in a game. So we are training them for the times when the other team is changing on the go or similar situations but not for when they are competing against defenders.

I watched the USA-Canada women's game at the IIHF World Championships last night. (Flipped between it and the Flames-Coyotes game and the women's game was much more entertaining.) The Canadian players were fast, good stick-handlers and skaters, had hard shots competed really hard but very straight line and unimaginative. The USA had the same skill level but passed much better, gave close support to the puck and were much more creative. The USA ended up winning 3-1 with and empty netter.

From the outside looking in (kinda because I do watch the Canadian teams practice a lot but not the USA teams) it seems the Americans have accepted the idea of using games a lot more than the Canadians.

A guide to understand the playing roles and game situations.

0-Loose puck
1-Offense
2- Defense

Four Game Playing Roles
1-Player with the puck.
2-Players supporting the puck.
3-Player checking the puck carrier.
4-Players covering away from the puck.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

D, GAME ORIENTATION: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME

PLAYING ROLES 1 AND 3 IN PRACTICE


A cross-ice game of 1-on-1 is the simplest and best way to teach the role of the puck carrier (number 1) and the checking player (number 3) in practice. The player either attacks or defends during a 1-on-1 game and the transition from defense to offence and vice-versa is automatically experienced. The players are organized in pairs and play a cross-ice game for 1 minute. When the game ends the players on 1 side of the ice move down 1 goal, with the last player moving to the empty goal at the other end. Play 1 game against each player on the other side of the rink; the players keep track of their wins, losses and ties.


www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20120914095045203

D, GAME ORIENTATION: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME

PLAYING ROLES 1-2-3-4 IN PRACTICE

5 cross-ice games. The players experience the 4 playing roles in practice during a 2-on-2 game.
The players continuously change their playing roles from puck carrier (number 1) to offensive support
(number 2), or closest checker (number 3) to defensive support (number 4). The players are
organized in pairs and play a cross-ice game for 2 minutes. When the game ends the players on
1 side of the ice move down 1 goal, with the players at 1 end moving to the empty goal at the other
end. Play 1 game against each team on the other side of the rink; the players keep track of their wins,
losses and ties.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928080533500

D, GAME ORIENTATION: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME


THE NUMBER OF PASSES AND LEARNING THE GAME


An effective way to teach the 4 playing roles is to have rules about how many passes are allowed.
The fewer passes the more individual play (role number 1and role number 3). The more passes the
more team play (role number 2 and number 4).

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928080534960

D, GAME ORIENTATION: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME

CHANGING THE 4 PLAYING ROLES WITH MORE THAN 2 PLAYERS


When the players understand the constant changing of playing roles in the 2-on-2 games they are
ready for 3-on-3 and then 4-on-4 games. These games add the dimensions of the triangle and box
in offensive and defensive situations. Play a cross-ice game in each zone for 2 minutes, then have the
teams on 1 side move down 1 goal; the last team go to the empty net at the other end of the rink.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928080535793

D, GAME ORIENTATION: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME

CHANGING THE 4 PLAYING ROLES WITH MORE THAN 2 PLAYERS

When the players understand the constant changing of playing roles in the 2-on-2 games they are
ready for 3-on-3 and then 4-on-4 games. These games add the dimensions of the triangle and box
in offensive and defensive situations. Play a cross-ice game in each zone for 2 minutes, then have the
teams on 1 side move down 1 goal; the last team go to the empty net at the other end of the rink.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928080535793


D, GAME ORIENTATION: LEARNING THE GAME-FULL-ICE SMALL AND MODIFIED GAMES


Play full-ice micro games of 1-on-1, 2-on-2, 3-on-3 to practice the 4 playing roles in the defensive, neutral
and offensive zones. Use modified rules to create the situations that you want the players to practice. These rules can be designed to practice good habits (always face the puck), develop skills (only wrist passes are allowed) or team-play concepts (2 points for a goal scored from a play originating below the goal line encourages offensive cycling and low defensive coverage).

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928080537624

D, GAME ORIENTATION: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME


A HALF-ICE GAME WITH BOTH TEAMS SHOOTING ON 1 GOAL

Play a half-ice game using any number of players. Individual skills can be isolated in a 1-on-1 game. All
of the 4 roles are practiced in a 2-on-2 game. Defensive and offensive triangles are used in a 3-on-3 game and a box offence and defense on a 4-on-4 game. 5-on-5 has all of the team-play components.
All even- and odd- numbered situations like the power play or the 6-on-5 can be practiced.
Some methods of transition from defense to offence are:
• All players must get onside and the puck carrier must touch the red line before attacking.
• All players must touch the puck before scoring.
• Pass to new players who are waiting in the neutral zone to attack, either against the original attackers or
new defenders.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928081416212

D, ROLES 1 AND 2: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME


CROSS-ICE GAME STRESSING EYE ON THE PUCK/GOOD POSTURE


A fundamental rule is that the players must always face the puck during a game. Everything that happens
in hockey is in relation to the puck. The players must see the puck in order to know their playing role and be able to switch from 1 role to the other. This helps eliminate unnecessary turns and useless skating. At the same time the coach can emphasize the proper skating posture, so that players are always in the ready position.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928081418601

D, ROLE 1: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME


GAME USING ONLY THE FOREHAND

Play a game where the puck can be controlled only by using the forehand side of the blade. The game affects not only puck-handling but also the movement of the player’s lower body. When the player changes direction he/she must skate around the puck on the backhand side, this causes the hips and shoulders to go in different directions. It is also a good rule for learning to pull the puck toward the skates, to beat a player or prepare to shoot.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928082640425


3. D. ROLE 1: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME


GAME USING ONLY THE BACKHAND


Play a game where the puck can be controlled by using only the backhand side of the blade. The
game affects not only puck-handling but also the movement of the player’s lower body. When the
player changes the direction he/she must skate around the puck on the forehand side, this causes
the hips and shoulders to go in different directions.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928082641103

D, ROLE 1: PUCK-PROTECTION SKILL: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME

GAME HOLDING THE STICK WITH ONLY THE TOP HAND AND PROTECTING THE PUCK

The players are only allowed to hold the stick with 1 hand. This causes them to set up a wall to protect
the puck with the body, and skate to open ice away from pressure.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928082642641

D, ROLE 1: STICK-HANDLING SKILL GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME


GAME WITH HANDS CLOSE TOGETHER NEAR THE TOP OF THE STICK

Play a CROSS-ICE game of 1-on-1. The rule is the hands must be close together at the top of the stick. This enables the puck carrier to make big moves, roll the wrists and manipulate the puck more easily.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928082644920

D, ROLE 1 AND 3: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME


KEEP-AWAYPlay keep-away in 1 zone. The players protect their puck and try to knock other pucks out of the zone.
The last player with a puck is the winner.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928083629755

D, ROLE 1: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME


FLAT-FOOTED SKATING

Play cross-ice or half-ice allowing only flat-footed toe-out, toe-in skating, where the blades never
leave the ice. This is a good strengthening exercise and good practice in toeing in and out, as well as
unlocking the hips while skating.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928083630814

D, ROLE 1: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME

GAME WITH LEGS WIDE APART WHILE FAKING

The player tries to combine the lessons learned in the other games. When he approaches the opponent
he should have hands close together, legs wide apart, use head and shoulder fakes and protect the
puck with the body. Pressure on the inside edge of 1 skate enables the player to turn very quickly.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928083631305

D, ROLE 1: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME


“NO-PASSING” GAME OF SHINNY WITH MANY PLAYERS


Play with large teams using “no-passing” rule. The player with the puck must try to score by stickhandling
the puck through everyone. This game demands that each player practice the first playing
role of the player with the puck, and move his or her feet, pivot, fake, drive-skate to open ice, etc.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928084726369


D, 4 PLAYING ROLES: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME

GAME STRESSING THE 4 GAMESITUATION PLAYING ROLES


Play a game and remind the players that they always have something to do during a shift:
1. Player with puck.
2. Offensive player without puck.
3. Defender covering puck carrier.
4. Defensive player covering pass receiver.
When a “0” or loose-puck situation occurs the players must consider whether they should think offence or defense first. Always protect against giving up odd-man rushes and give the first player to the puck close support for passes and defensive help.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928084727484


D, 4 PLAYING ROLES: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME


2-ON-2, 3-ON-3, FULL-ICE GAMES

The best way of learning the 4 playing roles is to play 2-on-2 and 3-on-3 games. When playing these
full-ice games the normal rules, such as offsides, are enforced. These games with 2 or 3 players on a
side make it easy to isolate the individual or teamplay skills that the coach wants to work on. The small groups keep all of the players actively involved and the coach can easily point out the techniques or tactics that are being done properly, as well as those that need to be worked on.

Organize by having the players line up along the boards in the neutral zone or sit in the players’ box. The shifts should be 30-40 seconds. Playing in small groups for 30-second shifts is a good way to practice support on offence and defense. Another option is to have the players change on their own when the puck is deep in the offensive zone.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928084728681


D, ROLES 1 AND 2: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME


GAME WHERE THERE MUST BE AT LEAST 1 PASS BEFORE A GOAL COUNTS

In order to practice roles 1 and 2, make the rule that there must be at least 1 pass before a goal
counts. This rule encourages players to look for teammates and to get open for a pass.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928084729588


D, ROLES 1 AND 2: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME

GAME ALLOWING ONLY 1 PASS

By allowing only 1 pass the player must try to score by drive-skating to the net and teammates must
support by screening, picking and going to the net for rebounds.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928085716651


D, ROLE 1: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME

MOVING WITH THE PUCK GAME

Play a game with the rule that the players cannot pass the puck until they have taken 4 or 5 quick
strides to open ice. By drive-skating with the puck the player learns to find open ice, creates space for
him or herself and opens up new passing lanes. Drive-skating with the puck is fundamental for successful
individual and team play, and is one of the most important good habits to teach players.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=2009092808571762

D, ROLE 1: GAMES TO TEACH THE GAME


QUICK HANDS AND FEET GAME

The development of the speed of the hands is often ignored when introducing hockey skills. When
playing in tight, crowded areas, both quick hands and quick feet, moving at maximum speed, are
needed for the player to escape to open ice. When the hands and feet both move there is a separation
of the upper and lower body motion, and this makes the player difficult to defend.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20090928085718820

The pdf. has all of the text plus diagrams.


'The Game is the Greatest Coach'
'Enjoy the Game'
   

TomM



Registered:: 06/25/08

Posts: 2857
By: TomM (offline)  Friday, April 01 2016 @ 05:18 PM GMT  

O - Triangle Agility 1-2-3 - U18 F

Key Points:

Quickly move without crossing over in a balanced position.

Description:

- Pylons are set up in a triangle with the player facing number one.
- Coach call out 1, 2 or 3 and the player move from the middle to that pylon and back.
- Work 15” recover 45”.
- Switch.

* Skill Related Fitness Goals: agility, balance, coordination, reaction time, speed.

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20160401120317485

youtu.be/-oaPOUiyVTo


'The Game is the Greatest Coach'
'Enjoy the Game'
   

TomM



Registered:: 06/25/08

Posts: 2857
By: TomM (offline)  Sunday, April 03 2016 @ 02:50 PM GMT  

O - Agility Partner Mirroring – U18 F

Key Points:

Quickly move without crossing over in a balanced position.

Description:

- Pylons are set up in a square.
- Partners face each other.
- One player move to the pylon and back to the middle.
- Partner mirror by moving to the same numbered pylon.
- Go 20” and switch.

youtu.be/BcC_4DZYesg

www.hockeycoachingabcs.com/mediagallery/media.php?f=0&sort=0&s=20160403094458200


'The Game is the Greatest Coach'
'Enjoy the Game'
   

TomM



Registered:: 06/25/08

Posts: 2857
By: TomM (offline)  Tuesday, April 05 2016 @ 04:46 PM GMT  

This is one of the best ways to practice skills in game situations. We did it in my skills class today. There were two goalies in the big nets and I used 3 small nets. When you regain the puck or after a goal you bounce it to yourself off the boards to transition to offense. I demonstrated making a hard fake as soon as you get the puck as a way to fool the defender and gain time and space. With three players you can do an attack-defend-rest rotation where you pass to the resting player when you regain the puck and he goes onto offense and you rest.
Keep score and rotate and by giving the goals meaning you create competition which creates intensity, which creates good players.


D200 One Net King's Court Tournament

Key Points:

Encourage hard fakes when a player picks up the puck. Play from 1-1 to 3-3 and include rules for modified games.

Description:
1. Have nets on one side of the ice with enough room for players to go behind the net.
2. Play from 1-1 to 3-3.
3. To transition to offense the player must bounce the puck off the boards on the other side.
4. Keep score and then rotate after the game.
5. Winner move one net down toward the King’s Court.
6. Winner at the 'Kings Court' and loser at the last net stay don't move.
7. Players who lose move one net away from the King's Court.
8. In a tie play ‘rock-paper-scissors to determine a winner.
9. Play at least the number of games so the player starting in the last court can progress to King's Court.

*Make passing or puck carrying rules that practice good habits.


'The Game is the Greatest Coach'
'Enjoy the Game'
   

TomM



Registered:: 06/25/08

Posts: 2857
By: TomM (offline)  Thursday, April 07 2016 @ 11:32 PM GMT  

A Exercises - Video Links

A – Skating and Individual Skills

The attached PDF has the links you can click on to watch the videos of the drills.


A1 - Leave from the Side Boards - 8 Drills

A2 - Skate the Length of the Ice - 28 Drills

A200 - Skate the Length of the Ice With a Puck - 20 Drills

A3 - Skating Around the Ice - 17 Drills

A300 - Skating Around the Ice With a Puck - 23 Drills

A4 - Skating in Lanes and A400 with a Puck - 3 Drlls

A500 - Working in Various Areas of the Ice - 10 Drills

T1 Code is when the coach supervises and gives input for individual offensive skills - 7 Drills


'The Game is the Greatest Coach'
'Enjoy the Game'
   

TomM



Registered:: 06/25/08

Posts: 2857
By: TomM (offline)  Friday, April 08 2016 @ 03:17 PM GMT  

B Drills – Partner and Team Skills vs. Zero Opponents

Players work on passing, shooting, team play.

B1-B2 Shooting Skills from the Blue Line = 45 Drills


B200 Practice Inside the Offensive Zone - 10 Drills


B202 Face Each Other in the Neutral Zone - 30 Drills


B3 Partner or Group Skills Practice = 35 Drills



B4 Drills Start from the Middle Circle - 30 Drills


B5 Drills Start Just Inside or Outside the Blue Line - 78 Drills

B6 Drills Start from the Corner - 95 Drills

B600 - Drills Starting at the 4 Blue Lines on the Boards - 100 Drills

T1 Teaching Individual Offensive Skills - 6 Drills

T1-3 Teaching Individual Offensive and Defensive Skills - 1 Drill
[/color]

T - Direct Teaching by Coaches

T2 – Teaching Team Offense - 7 Drills


T3 - Teaching Individual Defensive Skills - 3 Drills


'The Game is the Greatest Coach'
'Enjoy the Game'
   

TomM



Registered:: 06/25/08

Posts: 2857
By: TomM (offline)  Saturday, April 09 2016 @ 05:06 PM GMT  

C - Game Situation Drills Starting with 1 on 1

The pdf. attached at the bottom of this posting has the same titles but they are links to videos of the drills.

C1 Drills Start in the Middle Circle - 12 Drills

C2 Drills – Players Line-up on One Side of the Ice - 20 Drills

C3 Drills – Players Line -up on Both Sides - 94 drills


C5 Drills – Start in Inside the Zone - 19 drills

C6 Drills Start from the Corner - 27 drills

C600 – Players Leave from the Four Blue Lines - 11 drills

T1-3 Teaching Individual Offensive and Defensive Skills - 4 drills


T2 – Teaching Team Offense - 17 drills


T3 – Teaching Individual Defensive Skills - 2 drills

T4 – Teaching Team Defense

The PDF below has the same drill titles but they are links that open video clips of the drill.




'The Game is the Greatest Coach'
'Enjoy the Game'
   

TomM



Registered:: 06/25/08

Posts: 2857
By: TomM (offline)  Tuesday, April 12 2016 @ 03:06 PM GMT  

T1-3 – Teaching Individual Offensive and Defensive Skills - YouTube

T1 – Teaching Individual Offensive Skills, T3 – Teaching Individual Defensive Skills

T coded drills focus on the DETAILS of the game. They are A and B skills taught and supervised by a coach who is focused on technique. T1 drills focus on the first game playing role of individual offensive skills and T3 on the third game playing role of individual defensive skills. T1-3 are 1-1 situations.


T1 – Teaching Individual Offensive Skills

T1-2 Players Work Together on Offensive Skills


T3 – Teaching Individual Defensive Skills

T1-3 - Players Work Together on Technique Offense vs. Defense

The first pdf. has the video clips that are on YouTube and the second pdf. has the video clips that are on this site.


'The Game is the Greatest Coach'
'Enjoy the Game'
   

TomM



Registered:: 06/25/08

Posts: 2857
By: TomM (offline)  Wednesday, April 13 2016 @ 01:25 PM GMT  

T2–4 Team Play Instruction – YouTube

Tactical Skills:
T2 - Second game playing role of Team Offensive Skill.

T4 - Fourth game playing role of Team Defensive Skill.

T2-4 means both are being taught at the same time.


T2 – Teaching Team Offense

T2-4 – Practicing Team Offense vs. Defense

T4 – Teaching Team Defense

The first pdf. has links to video posted on YouTube.
T2–4 Team Play Instruction – YouTube

The second pdf. has links to the videos on this site.
T2-4 Team Play Video Clips


'The Game is the Greatest Coach'
'Enjoy the Game'
   

TomM



Registered:: 06/25/08

Posts: 2857
By: TomM (offline)  Friday, September 30 2016 @ 02:01 PM GMT  

Lots of terrific ideas here.


'The Game is the Greatest Coach'
'Enjoy the Game'
   

TomM



Registered:: 06/25/08

Posts: 2857
By: TomM (offline)  Wednesday, March 22 2017 @ 02:14 PM GMT  

This is when I started using YouTube.


'The Game is the Greatest Coach'
'Enjoy the Game'
   

TomM



Registered:: 06/25/08

Posts: 2857
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